History Neurophone


Neurophone first came when Patrick was 14 years old, in 1958. The following year, Flanagan delivered a lecture in Houston Amateur Radio Club, which demonstrated the possibility of his invention.

The day after the lecture he called a reporter from Houston Post. He asked - is it possible to try Neurophone his relative who became deaf as a result of spinal meningitis. The experiment was a success. And the next day after a successful experiment published an article Neurophone as a potential hearing aids for the deaf.

Fame grew with each passing year. In 1961, reporters from the magazine Life just moved into the home of Patrick. They've done a thousand pictures everywhere followed him wherever he went. The article appeared September 14, 1962. In the article, Patrick was named, as many as one of the leading scientists of America.

Following the publication of Patrick was invited to play in the TV show, Gary Moore (Gary Moore) "I've got a Secret Show" (I have one sekretik). Broadcast television was conducted from NBC Studios in New York on the audience of many millions. During the transfer, in front of all of America, the young Patrick has fitted electrodes Neurophone the charming ... ass mannequins Bess Meyerson (Bess Meyerson), while she tried to figure out what exactly is he doing to it.

As a result, a fashion model could hear a poem, written on the tape other guest TV Andy Griffith (Andy Griffith). During playback, the poem's voice sounded as if Griffith head inside Miss Meyerson (just think, what's the connection!) But it has not been able to understand that, in the end, it did. As a result of an article in Life magazine and TV shows Patrick received more than a million letters.

However, the Patent Office examiner insisted that the device can not work in principle and refused to register a patent until 1967. Only after Patrick with his lawyer appeared with the current model in the Patent Office, the case moved forward. The expert, however, said that the patent register only after Patrick, using your device, make the deaf to hear one of the clerk's office. Fortunately, the clerk heard and patent Neurophone was finally registered.

Soon Patrick met two scholars who had become his friends for many years. These were Dr. Henry Maria Conde (Dr. Henri Marie Coanda), father of fluid dynamics and J. Harry Stine (G. Harry Stine), scholar and author of many books. Harry Stine wrote "Silicon Gods" (Silicon Gods. - Bantam Books), which was devoted Neurophone as a potential interface between the brain and the computer.

The next stage of research began in the Tufts University (Tufts), where Patrick Flanagan began working as a research scientist. He was involved in a project to develop a system of communication between dolphins and humans.

Signed contracts with the Naval Artillery Test Station USA (United States Naval Ordnance Test Station), located on Lake China Lake in California. Scientific director of the project was a close friend of Patrick and business partner Dr. Dwight Wayne Battyau (Dr. Dwight Wayne Batteau), professor of physics and mechanical engineering at Harvard University (Harvard) and Tufts.

Studies have recorded voice of dolphins and whales in the open sea and developed a system for the identification and accurate direction finding any marine mammals. This system used the same principles that are used by the human brain to determine the location of sound sources.

Man is able to determine the location of sound sources due to the way the outer ear processes the incoming audio signals (external ear - what we see. It collects and directs sound waves into the inner part of the ear). It is the outer ear provides so-called "party effect".

"The effect of the party" - the ability to highlight specific voices in noisy company. This is possible due to the ability of the brain to determine the phase difference and then allocate a specific area in the space. So we can not only find out who says, but to locate the speaker.

To comply with secrecy "intimate conversations" is usually carried out in a special "shower" rooms with wooden floors and walls. Placed in a room "bug" will bring together all the reflections from the walls and it is much "score" voice. In fact, all the embassies have the "deaf" rooms for relevant discussions. But if you put in the room "bug" to duplicate the ear, you will be able to distinguish the voices and build up the echo, just as you would at a party.

In order to determine the location of whales and dolphins have been made ​​of metal ear diameter of 18 inches, attached to the hydrophone. When these ears found under water, it is possible to locate underwater sounds in three-dimensional space, listening with hydrophones. Underwater sound travels five times faster than in air, so the artificial ears made larger to provide the same encoding signals in time as in the air.

Here are some readers who regularly watch the program on television, "In the animal world," can truly notice that dolphins and whales themselves, no doubt, a great specialist in underwater navigation, for some reason not in a hurry to acquire ears the size of a small television. And it is quite rare, who will be able to recall that in 1943 the Soviet sonar system designed for submarines, using as a model the structure of the ear sea seal.

Indeed, Americans are some technical characteristic straightforwardness. But in a business approach they can not refuse. For example, were also made ​​large plastic ears that are experienced in Vietnam. The ears have the same proportions as the real thing, but they were much larger. This allowed using the processor is specially designed to listen to even very remote jungle sounds and pinpoint their location.

Thus, the development of the "Dolphin" laid the foundation for many of the potential of new technologies. Opened encoding mechanism used by the human brain to fix the sound sources in three-dimensional space. These studies have allowed to create 3-D holographic stereo audio system with which you can "put" the sounds in any part of the three-dimensional space of the listener. In other words, it was possible to program the audio playback so that the listener will feel like a voice is heard from the air, from a certain point in space.

One recalls how at one time, the great physicist Robert Wood, simply out of mischief, and sent through a huge megaphone made of papier-mache loud whisper prophecies and jokes pointsman, standing alone in the center of the square. But you can find more useful applications. For example, using this system can record the orchestra so that when listening will create a complete illusion of presence at the concert.

As a result of the opening of the coding system used by the brain to detect sounds in space and speech recognition, the opportunity to create a digital Neurophone.

Digital Neurophone translates sound waves into digital signals corresponding to the phase encoding, clear the brain. These signals are used by the brain, not only for speech recognition, but also to determine the location of sound sources in three-dimensional space.

When an application for the invention of the digital Neurophone was sent to the Patent Office, the National Security Agency (NSA) to classify it in the U.S. for five years. As a result, Patrick lost the opportunity to not only work on the device, but also to talk about it to someone in the next five years. It was horrible daunting. The first patent took twelve years, and now, after a lot of work done, a second patent was signed in the vaults of the National Security Agency.

After all, digital Neurophone was put into production and sold in the form of models and Mark XI Thinkman Model 50.