Music and the brain child of

 

According to numerous studies, the use of music as an additional sensory inflow improves the function of speech in preschool children.

Any activity, in particular, intellectual procedure based on the work of the brain concerned with the perception and processing of information.

One of the paradoxes of our time is that the functionality of the human body have remained unchanged since ancient times, and to know and to be much higher than before. This explains emerging in modern pedagogy trend to earlier intensive training - in teaching practice widely used method of early development at an earlier age than ever before starts and schooling.

And, indeed, according to many physiologists, psychologists, teachers (Vygotsky, G.Doman, N.A.Zaytsev, M.Ibuka, Leontiev, G.Yu.Malyarenko, R.S.Nemov , B.P.Nikitin, Piaget, and others) is the age of seven years is the period of the formation of the child's personality and character, a period in which lay the intellectual foundation on which later will develop the mental activity of the person, the period of active growth and development of the brain and interneuronal connections.

Formation of brain structures and interneuronal connections due to the impact on the system of human senses different sensory streams, because the child's development is not only the genetic program. AV Zaporozhets emphasized that the social environment - it is not just the necessary conditions, and the true source of the child's development.This idea lies at the basis of modern theories of early intellectual development of man (G.Doman, M.Ibuka, Sh.Suzuki, M.Montessori, M.L.Lazarev, N.Zaytsev and others).

According to some scientists, the human being that develops from birth in the total absence of signals from the outside world (sensory inflow) would have been completely devoid of mental functions (H.Delgado). Sensory inflow has optimal effect when ingested in the sensitive period of development of mental functions, ie periods of special sensitivity of certain functions to external influences.

The nervous system of a child under school age is extremely malleable and susceptible to external influences (D.A.Farber). It is this age is most favorable for the improvement of the sensory organs, the accumulation of ideas about the world (L.A.Venger, R.S.Nemov and others).

According to numerous studies, the use of music as an additional sensory inflow improves the function of speech in preschool children (C.Hoskins 1988), improves the memorization of key phrases and easy assimilation of information preschoolers (CWPark, SMYong 1986).

Under the influence of music is improving short-term verbal memory, better remembered colors, names of geometric shapes, numbers, pictures (S.Rosenberg 1993, M.Spighhiger 1995). According N.N.Braginoy, T.A.Dobrohotovoy and L.P.Novitskoy, music helps to alleviate the visual perception. Confirmed that music reduces psycho-emotional stress, helps focus attention and engage children in activities that help them reach the goal of mastering a variety of skills (DLNelson, AADarrow, K.Aldridge).

Recently, a lot of pre-school institutions, schools, Progymnasiums, schools, etc., in which small children are taught reading, writing and mathematics. But, as a rule, is there to teach using technology school. Sitting at their desks, writing in the copy-home assignments. Often overlooked physiological features of the age: the leading type of activity - a game mostly visual-creative thinking and mental processes of instability, heightened emotionality, involuntary attention - children remembered only that information which is of direct interest, lack of formation of the musculoskeletal system.

Due to the increase of training load problems valeological character - stress, high anxiety, fatigue, deterioration of children's health in general. According Psychophysiology (T.M.Maryutina, O.Yu.Ermolaev, A.L.Sirotyuk), during the formation of the brain (up to 7-9 years), the contribution of the right hemisphere in the provision of psychological functioning than the contribution of the left hemisphere, cognitive activity of children the age of 7 with a direct, holistic and shaped.

Unfortunately, the methods of teaching that are prevalent in the school system and are often transferred to the pre-school learning, primarily focused on the perception of left hemisphere. This entails the problem of motivation - the natural children lose interest in teaching at an early age and did not get it at school. All these problems are not only inevitable reduce the effectiveness of learning processes, but also adversely affect the physical and mental health of children. 
Thus, modern life requires such pedagogical technologies that should, on the one hand, to provide children with a quality in-depth knowledge, creating the intellectual basis for further learning, and on the other hand, focus on the physical, mental and spiritual health of the child and consider the physiological characteristics of each age .

In this connection, special interest is the possibility of music. Since ancient times, science has accumulated a huge amount of this information. There are three main areas of musical influence on the human body: 1. the physical body 2. the spiritual nature of man 3. on intelligence.

The problem of the effects of music on people were treated at the works philosophers (Pythagoras, Plato, Aristotle, B.Spinoza, Zh.Zh.Russo, G.F.Gegel, A. Schopenhauer, A. White, B.T.Lihachev, M. Sh.Bonfeld etc.), psychologists and neuroscientists (G.Gelmgolts, I.Dogel, V.M.Behterev, V.Levi, E.V.Nazaykinsky, Leontiev, S.N.Belyaeva-Ekzemplyarsky, B.A.Vyatkin, L.Ya.Dorfman, I.A.Vartanyan AL Gotsdiner, V.N.Myasischev, V.I.Petrushin, L.A.Dzhalagoniya, A.A.Kalashnikov, O. V.Lavrova, G.Yu.Malyarenko, M.V.Hvatova, M.L.Lazarev, K.Lehtonen, X.Leng, G.Shaw, F.Rausher, S.Trehub, NMWeinberger, etc.), teachers and musicians (JA Comenius, K.Orf, V.Vyunsh, Sh.Suzuki, V.G.Graf, D.K.Kirnarskaya, L.V.Kurilenko etc.), physicians (Hippocrates, B. Petrovsky, Z.Mayorova, E.I.Gromov, A.A.Korotaev, V. Nikolaev, S.S.Yudin, V.A.Lebedev, V.B.Polyakova etc.).

But despite the wide range of research, is still a priority in studying the features and functions of music belonged to psychology, physiology, and biology. In the pedagogical literature, we were able to find only a number of studies on the topic.

As a rule, in all these works it is the perception of music. However, of great importance to optimize the function of the brain and the development of learning skills is not only the process of perception of music, but also other kinds of musical activity - singing (including solfege), music-theoretical work, musical analysis, playing musical instruments, movement to music , musical creativity.

A large number of medical and psychological research confirms the positive impact of musical activity on respiratory function and blood flow, the level of immune processes and the interaction of the brain hemispheres, mental performance, psychomotor, language development, computational skills, proved that as a result of musical influence, not only increases the sensitivity auditory, and visual analyzer, improving mental processes of attention, perception, memory, regulates metabolic processes, reduces anxiety.

In ancient times, identified three areas of influence of music on the human body: 1) dyhovnyyu syschnost person, and 2) on intelligence, and 3) the physical body.

In his treatise Kasseodora Senator "On Music" read, "Music - the science of harmony.When we do wrong, we do not store any music. Likewise, the sky, the earth and everything that moves in them the supreme command, there is no science of music.Pythagoras suggests that "the world is built through music and can be controlled by it."

All the ancient teachings of terrestrial civilizations contain such statements and the accumulated experience of thousands of years the effects of music on animals, plants and humans. History has information about many historical figures have used music therapy techniques.

As the story goes, tsap David on his igpoy apfe cured by deppessii tsapya Sayla, and saved him out of foul dyhov. Eskylap treated padikylit gpomkimi zvykami tpyby he once its myzykoy RETURNS bezymnomy blagopazymie. By myzyke, as savior, obpaschalis antiquated myzykant Imhotep, an Egyptian zhpets Shebyt-m-Myt. In the III. BC in Papfyanskom tsapstve was vystpoen special myzykalno Medical Centres. Here the music was treated for depression and mental pepezhivany.

In ancient Greece, the art of music have predominated in education. Pythagoras believed that music, as a manifestation of cosmic harmony, may cause a person of the same internal order and harmony in the cosmos. The most outstanding contribution to the history of musical pedagogy introduced by Plato. He laid the foundations of the philosophy of music education and training. As is known, the Greek Paideia was not just the upbringing and education, but an introduction to the cultural life of society. Its aim kalokagatiyu Greeks believed, that is cultivating the beautiful and good personality.

The best traditions of the Paideia brilliantly found in Plato's Paideia in general and music in particular. He created a musical Paideia - wonderful, the first ever sample holistic philosophy of continuous musical upbringing and education.

Formation and evolution of Plato's views coincided with one of the crucial periods in the history of the Greek state, associated with the beginning of the collapse of the policy.Plato, as a representative of the Athenian aristocracy, was deeply concerned about the negative going on in society processes and constantly thinking about what could happen by improving the manners and just government.

As is known, the search results are two famous philosopher of the ideal state of the project - "The State" and "law." One of the main conditions of the ideal of government philosophy the proper education of citizens, which was based on education through musicheskogo Art [188]. As a major component of the educational program of Plato music appears in two guises.