Music and Health


Author: Renata Safronova member of the Union of Russian Journalists

The quiet, old streets of Moscow, I was somehow out of the window and heard the wonderful sounds of Chopin. Surprised.After all, this house is a Russian research 

Opening the massive door, entered the porch, up the stairs, found a room, where the sound of music. Health service could not call it a: on the walls - paintings, the tables - bowed heads of young people to paint portraits and landscapes. A girl was sitting at the piano and played. 

What is it - art school? No. Affable, imposing man, coming up to me and introduced himself: psychotherapist, head of the laboratory of the Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor of Medicine, University of Milan and the new Lomonosov Moscow State University Vladimir Leonidovich Raikov. 

Again, I was surprised to learn it the actor who created the image of the Minister Khvostov in famous movies "Agony." V.L.Raykov - multifaceted abilities of people: the doctor, philosopher, poet and actor. 

Here, in the laboratory of the medical center, he heals patients with neurosis and other diseases. "Excessive discos, loud pop music, computer overloads, and sometimes destroys the human psyche, especially young body - said the professor. - People come here, draw, listen to classical music, attached to the high culture." 

"The awareness of the ability of the creative mind as the highest form of achievement evolution of the universe - is it not one of the most gratifying opportunities for conservation and further development of mankind, - argued V.L.Raykov. - They say that beauty will save the world. I'll add - he said: Creativity in the name of beauty and life will save the world. Great credit goes to the poets, artists and musicians. " 

Professor calls these activities "creative self-realization." Homo sapiens - is, above all, the creator. Creating mind, the universe has created a foundation of awareness of personal freedom, a sense of mission. The desire to be creative, to the heights, to the stars and defines the term "creative self-realization." As the saying goes: per aspera ad astra (through adversity to the stars). "What we do" - smiling, concluded our conversation Professor Raikov. 

He lovingly looked around the patients listened to the enchanting sounds of Chopin melodies, and said: "We help identify the nature has given them the talent and improve, get rid of a disease."

The desire for beauty, for creative self lives at all times an intelligent humanity. The great Polish composer and pianist Frederic Chopin during his lifetime was considered a genius.For five years, he enjoyed playing simple plays, and in 12 years have not yielded the best pianists. With great spirituality, grace, he played his own compositions: Mazurkas (which he wrote 58), Preludes, Barcarolle, waltzes (which he had 17), but still 16 Polonaises, 27 studies. According to the memoirs of contemporaries, Chopin performances were always a huge success.

Doctors have long paid attention to the fact that the music of Chopin, and not only him, helps to treat disease and the souls of men. In some works - bravura and brilliance that are uplifting, others - tenderness, poetry, melody, this music calms, soothes, harmonizes feelings.

Among the delegation of journalists I was in Germany, in particular, in Weimar - the city of Goethe and Schiller, in Eisenach, the birthplace of the great composer Johann Sebastian Bach. By the way, awesome, random play on words, "Bach" in German means "stream". And the music of Bach, seemingly born of fontanelle, resulted in a vast sea, the ocean of feelings and sounds. His organ preludes, fantasies, toccatas powerful current swept, conquered the whole world. Do not forget my visit to the house-museum of Bach.

Spellbound as we looked at the harpsichord, which may touch the hands of the great maestro. Our delegation was a pianist. After receiving permission, she sat down at the old instrument. And sounded "rare harpsichord chords" - remembered poems of Anna Akhmatova. 

I was invited as a speaker, a commentator on the background was music to read a short story about the life and works of Bach (the translation from German to Russian.) Surging emotions convey my impossible fancied that it is He who sits at the harpsichord, where the sound of his melodious piece. There was music, and I told how brilliantly played Bach in the church, in a large concert hall. Here he sat down at the organ. 

Mysteriously gleaming tubes of different shapes and sizes. This unusual, majestic instrument may make a variety of sounds: the voice of flutes, bells ringing and iridescent, and trombone with its low tone. Bach's fingers touched the keys. Heard the first powerful chord, and magical music flowed with bizarre variations. He was called the master of the world of sounds, compared to the legendary Orpheus - "creator of divine music, hymns," Ancient Greece.

They say that when Orpheus touched the strings of his lute, 
At the sound of her escape from the forest animals 
But the art of Bach rightly considered above, 
Because the whole world marvels at him ...

A.N.Serov Russian music critic wrote: "Bach never ceases to be a great, perhaps the greatest, melodist. Only he does not like to get to sing one voice, but many at once, does not create a melodic thread, and the whole fabric of simultaneous melodies. " The great scientist Einstein said that the music of Bach, he heard "the harmony of the universe."

Let the voice organ strike up again, 
As the first spring storm ...

- That, I finished the story of the harpsichord by Bach in the house, and looked around: what are clear and enlightened faces around me. As if passed through the cleansing our heart and soul, coming into contact with the world of the greatest of musicians. Truly music treats! Many experts confirm this. And we ourselves feel that music can strongly influence the living organism. Festive, elation creates works of Johann Strauss. "King of the classical Viennese waltz" (son) wrote a 500 waltzes, polkas, gallops, quadrilles. 

Soul rejoices when you hear Strauss waltz "The Blue Danube"! Solemn, stately polonaise sounds Pyotr Tchaikovsky's opera "Eugene Onegin". And what a marvelous picture before us, when you listen to a work by Russian composer Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky's "Dawn on the Moscow River"! Like a painting artist, colored with radiant colors of the dawn, if the life-giving air jet wake daylight envelop you. This music is soothing, beneficial effect on people.

Russian writer Fyodor Dostoevsky tells how in 1848, the Society of Lovers of Literature visited composer Mikhail Glinka. He then played Chopin, Gluck and his own compositions.And then sold and performed his famous "Kamarinskaya." Dostoevsky was listening, and he remembered one spring evening, Nakata suddenly strange condition similar to that as if you are "going home in the dark night, suddenly, and sadly glancing around, and suddenly hear the music. Ball like a ball! In brightly lit windows shadow flicker, heard rustling and shuffling, as if she was a seductive whisper ball, solid bass buzzing, screeching violin ... you pass by, entertainment, excited, awakened in you a desire for something, the desire. If you heard the life ... ". How music affects the man told us the Russian writer and physician V.V.Veresaev. 

In his book "In a deadlock," he introduces the reader to the old-nobility society where one of the characters of the novel, Gurnienko pianist, played to the audience, "fragments" old regime system plays Beethoven and Chopin. "Big eyes began to shine a light tan from the inside light and became excellent. And suddenly all evil, depressed, frightened began to melt and evaporate in people. In the semi-darkness of the hall shone strong and majestic beauty. " Then "Gurnienko played" Autumn Song "by Tchaikovsky. Melody under her fingers was a new one, grabs the soul. Linden alley. Yellow leaves are slowly coming down. Pours from afar longing violin autumn. " That poet Valery Bryusov in verse expresses his attitude to music, or rather, its influence on the state of mind:

I can not delight 
dreams overcome, 
Repeat the old tunes, 
And hurry, and run - and a beautiful night 
Fist in the shadows, beckoning, long ...

The music people sing, dance, set the wedding. Our ancestors created the musical instruments that are used in religious and ceremonial rites. In the Moscow Historical Museum stores two flutes made from animal bones. This is the most ancient musical instruments found in the European part of Russia, in particular, on the lake in Meshchora. So, even 4,000 years ago, early humans needed a means by which to publish certain sounds, raises the emotional, triumphant tone or fascinate, mesmerize rhythms. In the days of the ancient warriors of Sparta went into battle to the sound of the wooden tools. Importance marching music gave Russian generals and M.D.Skobelev Alexander Suvorov. "Music of doubles, triples Army" - said Suvorov. Help to make long marches difficult transition.

Famous Russian scientists V.M.Behterev, IM Sechenov, and others have noted a huge influence of music on the nervous system, breathing, circulation. These or other tunes can raise blood pressure or lower it, speed up or slow down the heart rate. 

German doctors in Munich often, in addition to conventional treatment, music therapy recommend that patients: listening to the works of Beethoven, Mozart and other composers. Scientists have also been observed that plays the clarinet has a positive effect on blood circulation, such music normalize cardiovascular system. 

Delicate violin melody or executed on the piano calm. Recall serenade Austrian composer Franz Schubert's "Song of my flies quietly into a plea of ​​night ..." - smoothly flowing melody, creating a light, dreamy mood. And if you listen to "The Four Seasons" Tchaikovsky! One of the most popular pieces of the album - "Barcarolle" (song boatman). Composer put into it their personal experiences, and we, the audience, the melody is mesmerizing. Or from the same album - "April. Snowdrop ". 

Music depicts the awakening of spring and a symbol of her - snowdrop, peeping from under the snow, delicate, fragile. Listen, and you will feel like my heart is getting warmer, calmer. These tunes have healed, heals.

From Greek mythology came to us the god of light, golden-haired, handsome Apollo, who patronized artists, poets, singers and musicians. Legend tells how a silver bow on his shoulder and a cittern - musical instrument of ancient Greece - in the hands he flies over sea abyss, over the mountains and gorges, Razilov evil enemies with arrows in the images of ugly monsters, and, touching the strings of gold cittern, sang triumphant, proverb. Legend also has it that Apollo reared two sons. One Orpheus - singer and musician. Other - Aesculapius, who, possessing healing arts, became a god-healer. Up to now, he is worshiped doctors.

Music and health - these concepts are similar. But the connection is a musician and a doctor - a rare phenomenon.Yet there are unique. Russian composer Alexander Borodin was a gifted chemist. He graduated with honors from the Medical-Surgical Academy, defended his thesis for his MD, was one of such prominent figures of Russian science as AMButlerov, Mendeleev, I.I.Sechenov, Botkin. But the work of medical scientists did not prevent him to compose music: songs, symphony concerts, and create top his creation - the opera "Prince Igor." 17 years, he worked on the opera. Her music inspires, arouses patriotic sentiments. To medicine touched French composer Hector Berlioz. Born into a family physician, at the urging of his father, he studied medicine, but also fond of poetry, art and music. 

Entered the Paris Conservatoire. Berlioz created several symphonies, vocal and dramatic trilogy "The Childhood of Christ." Especially known for his opera "Beatrice and Benedict" in Shakespeare's "Much Ado About Nothing." Bright, cheerful music of the opera creates a wonderful mood, lighting the fun and humor. 

Thanks to his journalistic work, I met a man joining two wonderful profession - a musician, a singer or a doctor. Sergei Vaganovich Shushardzhan, winner beautiful baritone, after school, graduated from conservatory. 

He performed at the world-famous venues such as the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow, Covent Garden in London, the Grand Opera in Paris, etc. He performed leading roles in the operas of Verdi's "Nabucco" and "La Traviata" in Puccini's "Cio-Cio-San ". A total of 15 operatic roles of different composers. The repertoire he has 500 arias, ballads and songs.But professional singer attracted and medicine. As a young man he saw beneficial effects of music, singing on health. Continuing to sing, was able to finish the Stavropol Medical Institute and began working as a doctor-kardioreanimatologom. Has developed its own system of recovery of the body with the help of music therapy. 

Therapeutic and prophylactic method, which he called vokaloterapiey, is, above all, in the right singing breath. "There is a set of special exercises, - said Sergey Vaganovich - with which to bring the ability of breathing to perfection." This is sort of a soft, flexible massage internal organs. 

Respiratory training for a specific system strengthens the walls of blood vessels. Method of influencing the sound vibrations that harmonize with the internal processes in the human body, from ancient times practiced healers East. They say go to be healthy, you can treat not only in word but also in music, singing, and even a long-drawn repeatedly pronouncing certain sounds with a smile. Например: “гон” - звук селезёнки, “шэн” - звук легких, “гуо” - звук печени, “чэн” - звук сердца, “ю” - звук почек, “дон"- звук желудка. 

В своей книге “Здоровье по нотам” С.В.Шушарджан приводит подобные примеры и современных научных исследователей. Он говорит о благотворном влиянии на здоровье человека напевного, протяжного произнесения гласных звуков. 

Так, звук “а - а” массирует глотку, гортань, щитовидную железу; звук “о - о”оздоровляет среднюю часть груди; звук “о - и - о - и” массирует сердце; звук “и - э - и” воздействует на мозг, почки, железы внутренней секреции; звук “а - у - э - и”помогает всему организму в целом. (Каждый звук произносится 3 - 4 раза). Очень сходное воздействие производят на организм и отдельные музыкальные произведения. Особенно, говорят специалисты, лечит музыка Моцарта. Профессией долгожителей называет С.В.Шушарджан профессию певцов. Он создал Институт медицины и музыкотерапии. Занимаясь проблемами поддержания здоровья и самосовершенствования людей, он говорит: пойте, друзья, на здоровье!

Long life, longer life - these challenges is a Russian scientist, astrologer Valery Tuev. He, along with his colleagues, turn over a lot of directories, Russian and foreign, including the Guinness Book of Records, was extensive, interesting, we can say a unique scheme. 

According to biographies of people who have reached a very advanced age, in astrological studies, and also studied the psychological factors that provide an active, healthy, long life, scientists have come to the conclusion that all the centenarians - creative people who wanted and managed to realize their potential. It is very important, said V.A.Tuev, to conduct "meaningful life, to be an active sponsor of their own destiny." In conversation with me, he told Spanish conductor Pablo Casals, who lived 94 years. He had a beautiful young wife. 

Despite his years of illness (rheumatoid arthritis), he was always full of spirituality, an inexhaustible thirst for life and creativity. "Every morning, wake up, I look forward to meeting with the music," - he said. - "For me, Bach - the great romantic. His music moves me, returning a feeling of fullness of life. " As if in confirmation of this V.A.Tuev read me a passage from his book, "Astrology and longevity", written in collaboration with S.Kurapovym. It was an episode in the life of Pablo Casals, sickly, enfeebled by old age man, but he changed the touch of beauty, what was his music. 

Here it is decrepit, bent, leaning on the arm of his wife, entered the room, walked over to the piano. Sounded the first chords. And like a miracle happened! It seemed that there was not sick, swollen fingers that the birds flew over the keys or quickly ran through him, there was an old man - at the piano sat a slender, graceful pianist. He played Bach, Mozart and Brahms. Music was his medicine. "Creative self-transforming man and inspires even imagine making a long-lived," - said V.Tuev and gave me his book with a wish of longevity.

Long life (94 years) lived and Russian novelist, essayist Marietta Shahinian. She said: "The people rejoice their wealth, if you see, hear, in these years, if the legs have come to himself, not stumbling, knees shaking, and to some senile hnychte nothing. You are still young! I was young in my eighty-five years. And his feet, and his eyes worked on glory ...I was so young that it seemed to itself under the previous twenty-five years, because it was covered by a deep, indefatigable zest for life. " 

That's what a creative self-realization! It improves skin tone, mood, and prolong life. So live in the work and in health, dear readers "Russian newspaper"! Instead of tablets and pills, listen to the music of Mozart, Chopin, Tchaikovsky, Pancho Vladigerov, doing something, self-fulfilling!