Music for the brain - as a foreign language

 

The brain perceives music as another language. This is the conclusion reached by scientists from the University of Liverpool, who explored the area of ​​the brain that were previously associated only with the function of speech in musicians. It turned out that they have, regardless of the tool they know, in this area of ​​the brain was more gray matter than people far from music.

These data, according to the professor of behavioral neuroscience at the University of Konstanz Germany Elbert Thomas (Thomas Elbert), «good agreement with the view that musicians process music as an additional language." This scholar also working activity of the motor cortex while playing musical instruments.

In the present study, conducted under the direction of British Neurologists Slaming Vanessa (Vanessa Sluming) and Neil Roberts (Neil Roberts), involved 26 musicians - men aged 26 to 66 years. A control group of people who are not involved in music, was selected for their age. The study of Broca's area was performed using three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging.

It was found that the increase in gray matter, that is, nerve cells in the area of ​​speech does not depend on the type of musical instrument craftsmanship which sought surveyed, but is in direct proportion to the number of years spent on music lessons.According to the researchers, this means that language and music have much in common in the perception by the brain.

Besides the obvious explanation that playing musical instruments developed Broca area, there is another possibility. As noted by Professor Elbert, it is possible that people with a more developed area Broca inclined to music lessons and achieve this great success. Now he wants to test the hypothesis that these features of the brain in musicians should facilitate the assimilation of grammar school course.