The relevance of the use of music in teaching children reading, writing and math


From ancient times to the present musical art indisputably recognized by philosophers, musicians, teachers, as an indispensable means of development of the human mind. None can compare to the art of music, the power of the emotional impact.


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In ancient Greece, the art of music have predominated in education. Great Aristotle stresses not only teacher, but the therapeutic value of music, believing that music through a catharsis takes serious mental experiences.

Pythagoras believed that music, as a manifestation of cosmic harmony, may cause a person of the same internal order and harmony in the cosmos. It is known that music has a healing effect and the human body. Hippocrates used in his medical practice, the effects of music on patients.

In the XVI century, music was used during surgery.

Prominent Czech educator John Amos Comenius, the creator of the progressive and relevant to the present day educational system, introduced the art of music in a number of compulsory school subjects.

In the XX century the interest in music's influence on the formation of the spiritual world and the human psyche has increased dramatically around the world. A growing number of physicians, psychologists and teachers tried to convey to people the importance of music education for the cultural life in general. The famous German composer, teacher and creator of children's musical instruments Carl Orff in 1924, founded the school in Munich, in which education and training of children were in rhythmic movements (gymnastics, dance, pantomime), in conjunction with the collective music making.

Author of "The Formation of a person through music" V.Vyunsh considering music as a central teaching of the subject, which forms man and allows him to gain spiritual experience.

Many educators, creators of innovative musical techniques (B.Bartok, Sh.Suzuki, D.Kabalevsky and more. Etc.) talk about the need for all children music, regardless of their natural abilities. Currently, in some countries (Britain, Canada, Japan, etc.) musical art is not only compulsory subject in secondary school, but also in higher education institutions.

New studies on the influence of music on children give grounds for reflection on the need for a deeper introduction of music into the learning process of the school, in particular - the initial one. For the younger students, in contrast to other age periods, dominated by the visual-visual thinking and emotional-sensory perception of reality, for them remains actual game activity. The specifics of musical art, his artistic and imaginative nature is the best meet personal needs of the child of primary school age.

Currently music is actively used in psychotherapy practice. V.M.Behterev spoke of the great significance of music in the aesthetic education of the child from the first days of his life, emphasizing as its medicinal and hygienic value. In his work objective psychology he talked about the influence of music on the heart, blood pressure, metabolism, performance, and other functions, and shared it affect sthenic and asthenic.

Sthenic - a positive impact of tone stimuli, harmony, melody and rhythm on the function of organs, asthenic - respiratory depression, metabolic, vascular spasms. Music, providing sthenic effect has certain characteristics - the pace at heart rate, regular rhythm, no sound is too high, the dynamics at the level of the average volume of sound, mostly harmonic cadence, etc.

In many papers (V.Stilman 1990 Dzh.Uayt 1992 and others) demonstrated a positive effect on the perception of music on physiological and behavioral responses, as well as the emotional state of human rights in situations that cause anxiety.

Music is not just seen through the emotions, but they can be corrected. T.Yu.Alekseevoy musical art is presented as a means of correction of emotional maladjustment in primary school children (1998). All of this suggests that the perception of children specially selected music provides psychotherapy and type is generall therapeutic effect, the need for which is also relevant in our time. 
Music also has a positive effect on the child's intelligence.

Hungarian Zoltan Kodaly teacher believed that "without music, a person can not be complete - it is only a fragment." In 1951, he established the first school in the teaching of music. His school performance has increased dramatically compared to other schools - and this despite the fact that the amount of teaching other subjects had to be reduced in favor of music lessons. This experiment was repeated in Switzerland (1988-1991), and also showed positive results. Results of this experiment are recorded in E.V.Vebera "Music makes the school."

Since the perception of music is provided by the two hemispheres, each of which regulates various functions (V.F.Konovalov, N.A.Otmahova 1983), the whole impression of the music is provided by the integration of specialized cognitive and emotional processes in both hemispheres. Consequently, the perception of the music intensifies intercentral and hemispheric interaction, ie integration of the brain. Moreover, the perception of music can occur both on a conscious and a subconscious level, as the analysis of time-frequency acoustic signals, the ratios in both forms of perception (A.V.Toropova 1995).

In papers G.Yu.Malyarenko, M.V.Hvatovoy (1993 - 1996 G.) showed that the perception of a regular children specially selected music improves short-term memory, and improves performance of verbal and non-verbal intelligence. As a result of musical influence, not only increases the sensitivity of the hearing, but also visual analyzers are generally optimized brain function, improving the regulation of voluntary movement, accelerated processing of information, enhances mental performance (G.Yu.Malyarenko, M.V.Hvatova 1998).

Consequently, under the influence of prolonged sensory inflow in the form of specially selected pieces of music are improved physiological characteristics of the brain, which means - increases the brain's ability to learn.

The use of music in the teaching of other school subjects contributes to the solution of another important task. The close interaction between science and the arts helps to develop children's ability holistic view of the world. The combination of music with the fundamentals of science in elementary school harmonizes abstract logical thinking with the figurative. This is particularly important in the initial stage of learning when a child just entering the educational activity.

There is no doubt that music heals the body and soul. The fact that music can teach, yet to be proven. But let's not forget that the music is just gives us an inexplicable joy. It may be because, in contact with it, we are more or less consciously experience something of our spiritual existence ...