Why music heals?

 

With the world of sound is due almost everything that happens in nature. In any case, in nature. Can be considered proven that music influences on us, and on plants and animals.

Music is increasingly health. There is a special, though not very extensive so far, the field of medicine - music therapy. First of all, it is treated nervnopsihicheskie disease: music therapy sessions under the guidance of physicians psychotherapists have become part of medical practice.

In recent years, the sound effects are increasingly being used for the treatment of physical, bodily diseases. Thus, the magazine "Inventor" described in detail recently (№ 5, 1986) about the experience of the doctor A.R.Guskova: with sound, it removes stones from the ureter.

Experimental material about the healing effects of music, there is much, works that reveal the mechanisms of its effects on humans, much less. But without venturing into the essence of phenomena that occur in the body when exposed to sounds, it is difficult to develop and improve music therapy.

So try to speculate about these mechanisms, taking into account the data of biophysics, biochemistry and medicine.

Imagine a piece of music as a sequence of signals - mechanical vibrations in an elastic medium, lying in the frequency range 10 - 20,000 Hz. For some processes in the human body, and, above all, for enzymatic reactions, characterized by the same frequency.

The work of the enzyme is associated with a change in its form, that is with a mechanical movement of the protein macromolecules: it is compressed and decompressed in the processing of each molecule of the substance of the substrate. The number of such molecules, processed enzyme molecule at a time, called the number of revolutions of the enzyme, it is - a measure of the rate of enzymatic reactions.

Back in 1968, Professor S.E.Shnol (Institute of Biological Physics of the USSR) compared the speed of enzymes with the frequency characteristics of musical scale. It turned out that many of the enzymes involved in important metabolic processes, these numbers correspond to the frequencies of musical notes sound European series.

Thus, in tsitohromreduktazy which included the critical phase energy supply - the assimilation of oxygen, the number of revolutions per unit time is equal 183Gts, very close to the note fadiez low octave (185Gts).

Enzymes that glucose uptake, universal energy storage in the body - and phosphorylase glyukomutaza have speed 676, 1600 and 280Gts. For comparison, the second octave E - 659Gts, salt of the second octave - 1567Gts, C sharp first octave - 277Gts.

As soon as the frequency characteristics are so close, it is impossible to assume the possibility of direct effects of music on various biochemical processes?

Collaborate enzymes creates an acoustic field of the cell. Probably the regulating effect of music on the body due to the fact that its acoustic field is superimposed on the body's own acoustic field.

Let analogy and some rough, but the enzyme can be compared with a tuning fork, which is starting to sound - in this case catalyze biochemical reaction - under the influence of sound, the frequency of which is equal to its natural frequency, which leads to resonance.

Biochemical processes - a system of conjugated enzyme reactions. To regulate the operation of these systems, it is enough for a single exposure, the slowest reaction, retaining the whole process.

For processes in different organs, enzymatic reactions that determine the overall rate of conversion are different, so that the sensitivity to the sounds of different frequencies should be varied.

But if so, then each organ system should have its own "musical score" - the most effective set of sound waves whose frequency is determined by the most restrictive, the slowest reaction.

By analyzing the speed of enzymes, we can assume that the stomach is most sensitive to the low register (for digestive enzymes speed is very low, of the order of 10 Hz), and breath, and transmission of nerve impulses, however, correspond to high frequencies (the enzyme carbonic anhydrase - 40000Gts, acetylcholinesterase - 14000Gts) . Changes in terms of changing the frequency response speed: full stomach "sings" a high voice.

Direct effect on the enzymes, of course, not the only possible mechanism of biological action of music. Studies of cell membranes showed that in some cases, the channels through which the cell receives necessary for its proper operation ions behave like oscillating circuit, the natural frequencies lie within acoustic range.

Thus, the effective rate, which changes the rate of release of Ca2 +, is equal to 15 Hz, and if the cell act sounds of this frequency, we can expect a sharp rise in the concentration of calcium ions. Indeed, the action of electromagnetic waves with a frequency of 15Hz to artificially cultured brain cells were repeatedly observed acceleration output of calcium ions.

Recall that calcium ions - a key regulator of cellular metabolism agent. Since the cell membrane is charged (about its potential 100 mV), similar results can be expected in the case of electrical or mechanical vibrations.

Of course, while this looks fancy, but, nevertheless, it is possible that in the future, not too distant, for the needs of music therapy will create a scientific musical pharmacopoeia - a set of sound recipes. Play musical instruments, they will directly affect the diseased organ ...

Hypothesis (Chemistry and Life magazine № 4 1992)

Ph.D. in Chemistry 
MD VALCHIHINA,

PhD 
SA Gurevich